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The Ponchatoula Times
Ponchatoula , Louisiana
June 14, 1984     The Ponchatoula Times
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June 14, 1984

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IIIII II II II I II Direct From Satellite... Over 100 Channels Proqramm recewabe wnh th equipment may  suect 10 copytht and/0r 01her laws Failure [0 Secure necessary authotizatmnlpermtsson ft0m the 0wne&apos;s at deSlt|Jtor$ Ot Ihls prooTarnmmg may sulect the USer 10 llabhfy L , , WINEGARD  MOTORIZED MODEL SC-5020S Winegard's high quality satellite video receiver and dish have been component matched for crystal clear reception. INCLUDES: 10-foot perforated aluminum dish, satellite video receiver with built-in satellite selector, LNA, mount, cable and hardware. Now in Stock H arper's TV & Appliances 450 W. Pine St. 386-3822 I I loll IIIII II I I II BY POPULAR DEMAND! NOW THROUGH JUNE 30. $00/down $004,00/month 4 5 apt,  mo;lths  tax and license excluded. like the sound of that price? Then you outd It ix a great way [o be thrify, wttho tPvia Ul krmw our Chevy Chevette 2-Door tchhack is  what you consider important. Come m to lest lv iowe- Wield car ma in a. h cOSt <'C*SCR'JS Cheveite today. And what a car i! I! Room for (OUr, Reclining We have o|y five In st*.'k, which we ordered |rt ckel .ats A handy hatchback wttb a specllly for this wmotmIL with t.6-|iter egiae, weekerds worth of eargt sce Ad  dependable 4" transni, and 31 mat FJ:*A that over f per -ent of ! Chevettes ever registered deage Ilire 111  the Id 501 $. First, Amtte-Phone 748-7118, 229-6217, 345-1815, 878-4786 Shell dredgers challenged continued, "we are responsible for payrolls and purchases of over $90, 000,000 each year and a total of between three and four million cubic ards of clam shell is recovered from es Maurepas and Pontchartrain annually. For the shell we pay approx- imately $1,200,000 per year in royalty and severance taxes to the state (in 1969, 14 years ago, the severance taxes and royalties amounted from $1 million to $1.5 million.)" Has {-le price-of shells remained the same, or are they mining less shell then they did 14 years ago, or are they paying less in taxes and royalties? Mr. Palmer continues with: "I believe everyone here will agree that the shell industry has an enormus impact on this area." Mr. Palmer spoke of the finan- cial impact the shell industry has in the area. He did not mention the amount of revenue lost by the fishing industry at the hands of the shell dredgers. It is impossible to tell what the revenue might be, or might have been if the dredgers had not tipped nature's Bal- ance. In his address Mr. Palmer continued with: "It is regretable that the news media repeatedly refers to opponents to shell dredging as environmentalist and sportsmen as if they hold a monopoly on these fields, we share the concern all citizens should have for the environment and number amona our employees and their families hun- dreds of people who are sailers, fisher- men and sportsmen." Mr. Palmer claimed that the dredging operation does resuspend fine silt and clay particles but this is insignificant compar- ed to the turbid/ties naturay generatect By wind, floods, and tides. I believe I s the removal of the grass beds by the dredging that keeps the water in much of a muddy condition. The roots of this grass help to trap the sedimentation. Over the past decade," continues Mr. Palmer,"There have been extensive environmental studies of the effects of shell dredging. I would like to summar- ize a few. Edwin B. May-1973, Ala- bama Dept. of Conservation and Nat- ural Resources. Environmental Effect of Hydraulic dredging in Estuaries. He stated that shell dredging appears to be the least harmful method of recovering natural resources. The entire operation goes unnoticed by most people and has been conducted for 26 years in Mobile Bay, Alabama without any discemable harm. Mr. May cannot possibly com- pare Mobile Bay with our estuaries. I suggest that the Louisiana Shell Dred- gers Assoc. move its operation to Mobile Bay. (Now it is my turn to raw materials. (As you may have noted Mr. Bouma mentioned "dead shell". There are live clams in the lakes. They are mined with the dead shell. Mr. Bouma made no mention of the importance of seagrasses.) ",, After the reading o| this re'rt; am so mad I could burst into flame. They deliberately plan to destroy the lakes. Mr. Bouma continues with the criticiz- ing of Dr. Sikora's study. Dr. Sikora's studies, he states, "were based on only one test site for the entire lake-it was limited in scope. Fishery catch statistics certainly don't support his finding and other qualified investigators don't agree with Dr. Sikora's sample methods. Irregardless of what Dr. Sikora says, there is absolutely no proof that shell dredging is harmful." I have a report on seagrass from the world renouned authority on marine life, The Woods Hole Oceanoqaphic Institution of Woods Hole, Maine. I will quote one paragraph: "Seagrasses are regarded as very important in shallow waters. (the deepest point in Lake Ponchartrain is 16 feet). They create a special habitat that is crucial for certain species or for juvenile stages of other species on the other hand, natural v_ariabilitv in abundance of certain sea grasses such as ell grass, has been very large. Ell grass was almost totally wiped out in 1938 for mysterious reasons). It was within these patches of grass that we invariably caught sea catfish. With dredgers continually dredging, this grass is unable to take root again. Dr. Walter Sikora spoke next. According to- the draft of speeches. Dr. Sikora is a professor in Wetland Resources at Louisiana state University. "I his doctor's report LS-tOO exi-ensive for space, I will pick out the highlights. The summary that I'll try to present s at two parts. The environmental effects of hydraulic dredging for clam shells in Lake Pontchartrain and the ecological characterization of benthic commun- ity of the lake (benthic refers to those animals that live in the bottom). The doctor's reports were submitted to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. This information is going to be available from the National Information Service in Washington. The scientist spoke on how much of the take is available to shell dredging which he said was 44 percent, and that the cut was between THE PONCHATOULA TIMES JUNE 14, 1984 3 and 6 feet wide but an average of 5 feet. He commented on the magnitude of his studies. There were two studies: one to the effects of shell dredging consisting of two stations, one which was experimentally dredged and sampled 14 times over in a two year period. The other was a control station sampled 12 times over a two year period. This resulted in 84 macrofaua samples (animals larger then 0.5 mm) and 96 meiofauna samples (amimals smaller then 0.5 mm). As shell dredg- ing continues the dredaes produce a fluid mud spoil which has a sediment bulk density and resuspended into a water wind and wave action. One of tMI reasons for lowered duction in the water column resuspension of sediments, if the sediment are tixic materials such as ments that have been characterized by a lower bulk Any wind over 15 MP[-I the bottom. Next Week: SHOP THESE SPECIALS AT 6/Pk., Milwaukee's $1.89 Best 61Pk. Busch $2.59 6/Pk. Block Label $1.79 61Pk. Coy $139 Busch Quarts 99 Falstaff Quarts 99 Manda Welners 99 2 Liter Coke S 1.19 Stock up for FATHER'S DAY 12/12 oz Old Milwaukee 12/12o.z. Schaeffers $3.4*/ 12/I 2 oz Busch 12/12oz Miller Lite $5.49 Gal. Flav-O-Rich Milk Cigarettes 89 P00u, 386-3034 FROM PAGE ONE The Best Western Inn has been designated as official hotel for the 1985 festival and is making arrangements now for those dates. Harkening back to the early days of the Strawberry Festival, now the state's largest festival, Cowen commented that the 1983 Antique Festival got the festival started, the 1984 Antique Festival was the one which guaranteed that the festival would be a successful annual event, adding that he expects the 1985 festival to give a good indication as to how fast the Antique Festival will grow. -mdclae summarize a study: State of Florida Bootsy' 2 Dept. of Natural Resources: "Seagrass helps to improve water clarity by serving as a sediment trap and bottom stabilizer.they carry on basic product- 701 East Pine St. ivity and nutrient cycling which may exceed the basic productivity of alg and phytoplankton in the same area, Fisherman's Association Benefit raffle, dinner and dance. $100 per couple Mark June 30 on your calendar used directly as food by sea urchlns, sea turtles, manatees and a few herbivorous fishes. Seagrass beds pro- vide refuge and feeding grounds for many commercial species including shrimp, crabs, say scallops and fish. They also provide important substratas for attachment of algae that otherwise would be rare or absent. Studies show that the "average numbers of genthlc organisms may be reduced as much as 70 percent after dredging. Fish density and diversity decreased after vegetated areas were covered by dredge spoil and in some cases, species might be entirely eliminated." Mr. Palmer continues with a report by Taruer and Dugas of the Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries Commission which concluded that the impacts of shell dredging in Lake Pontchartrain on the benthic community are short term- ed (less then one year) and that dredged areas are repopulated. Neither of these men mentioned seagrass. The above report was made in 1975. Much has been learned since then. The Edwin May report was made the year, in 1974, Keith Price filed this report: "Compared to natural factors such as wind, tide, etc., shell dredling has only a minor and temporary effect on the overall marine environment." In 1975 ER. Voyce, Florida's Department of Natural Resources, filed this report: "fossil shell dredging under proper restrictions can be one of the least damaging methods of utilizing a non-living resource. Reasearch thus far, indicates minimal damage to the area ecology." In 1976 Mr. J.L. Simon, Dept. of Biology University of South Florida, concluded that the area disturbed by shell dredging returned to the same specie assemblage, had the same num- ber of spedes, the same density pat- terns and same bimass within less then twelve months. (bimass means living matter. There was no mention of live clam or seagrass. Tht study was not conducted in ,a/e rontchartrain or Lake Maurepas-). Arnold 1-1. 15ouma filed this report in 1976. He concluded, "The dead shell resources is a vitally needed raw material" and pointed out that shell dredging can be one of the least harmful methods of recovering It's not an admission, or even a donation. This is an investment in the future of our lakes, an investment for our children ICE ONLY 6900Lb00