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October 11, 1984     The Ponchatoula Times
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October 11, 1984
 

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THE PONCHATOULA  OCTOBER 11, 1984 PAGE THIRTEEN i i kit ,,n or.o.no. ,.s.or00 n am n Fran n ,. . By Bernard Vincent McMahon PART THREE of his first year home, 1763, was given to regulating the post office that included Canada, The mails for the first time were made to travel day and met General Jeffery Amherst, commander in chief of British forces in whom General Sherman was to echo a century later: "The only good is a dead one." "Could we show the Indians a better sample of Christians than they commonly see in our Indian traders, the most vicious and abandoned wretches of our nation" mid-December, 1763 Philadelphia learned that the Indians under Pontiac had the siege on Detroff Dec. 28 the Paxton Boys had massacred 14 peaceful Lancaster, Penn. February 4, 1764 hundreds of frontiersmen angry at the pacifist Quakers and dominated assembly were marching on Philadelphia. The Paxton Boys into Germantown outside of Philadelphia. The governor ran to Franklin's and beqged him to go to Germantown and negotiate with the Paxton Boys. arranged a truce. A delegation of frontiersmen would talk with the governor assembly. The date was Feb. 8. On Feb. I I Franklin said, "At present we quiet and I hope the quiet will continue." The frontier was allowed only ates to a district in contrast to the city's four in the Penn. Assembly. I Franklin was defeated in the elections for the Assembly but in a the Assembly appointed him to England as a delegate. "A farmer between two lawyers is like a fish between two cats" ]765... The big controversy of the year was the Stamp Act. Destined to go into Nov. l, delayed because George the Third had his first attack of insanity. wrote home that he did everything in his power to block the Stamp Act. was succeeded by Rockingham in July. British sugar planters now used their clout on parliament to restrict the rum from the West Indies that was used in the colonies as barter with the Indians. colonial trade ground to a halt. A Stamp Act Congress was assembled, the t being they voted the Stamp Act was unenforceable. colonists demanded (I) representation in parliament, (2) a colonial (3) permission to print paper money. "The first mistake in public business is going into it" 13, 1766 the Stamp Act was repealed with a clause that stated that had a right to enact laws binding on the British colonies "in all cases soever," even taxes. Franklin's last brother Peter died and William Temple the illegitimate son of the illegitimate William Franklin, moved in with uproar over the Stamp Act was not appreciated in London or with until he learned from his wife that mobs were outside his Philadelphia threatening to burn it down. Parliament further enraged Franklin by passing to impress American seaman and permit Scotland to send convicted felons to "Ik[in proposed sending rattlesnakes in exchange. his young daughter, wrote her father she was marrying an Englishman, Bache. Georgia, New Jersey and Massachusetts appointed Franklin their "He that iieth down with dogs, shall rise up with fleas" home to his wife in 1767 he said, "l am old and heavy, and grow a little he didn't travel home between sessions of parliament baffles all who have his life. His wife died during one of his long absences. The truth could be in famous epigrams: "Men nd melons arehard t o know." Charles Townsend was now prime minister. This gentleman, along with the king, !chief y responsible for the American Revolution. tklin,,traveled Io Versailles and met the French king. Later he met D'Alibard g Franklin's plans, was the first man to get lightning out of a thunder Returning to London, Franklin found anti-American bias at a new peak. The could be said of anti-English animosities in the colonies. Hard feelings were stirred up by the newspapers and politicians moving among the common "Do good to thy friend to keep him, to thy enemy to gain him" died in 1768 and was succeeded by Lord North. A too/ of King Third who now (through rotten boroughs) controlled parliament. At the of fairminded Englishman Franklin published an essay entitled "Causes of American Discontents Before 1768." ,iJ | the eater racers in his eater trader Billy Young to start last Saturdays whacky alligator race an event made possible by Alligator Farm. (1"lines Photo by Duane Harris) John Wilkes defeated in an election for a parliament seat in London, ran for a vacated seat in Middlesex county and won. The flame of revolt was rising against the landed gentry and their abuse of political power. Wilkes was their hero. Sir John Pringle and Franklin were chatting at a coffee house when in walks one of history's most famous biographers and introduces himself, James Boswell. Boswell kept his ailing mentor informed, much like modern day newspaper gossip columnist. Samuel Johnson, the great literary lion, had a namesake in the colonies: Rev. Samuel Johnson, an educator who tried and failed to lure Franklin to the Philadelphia academy as dean of the English department. This Johnson, a Yalie, shocked that Puritan stronghold by converting to the Anglican Church. Dr. Samuel Johnson (the lexicographer) of dictionary fame (Noah Webster an American compiled a dictionary in the same period as Johnson). Most of Franklin's biographers write that the two famous men never met overlooking the fact both had been members of a society organized to aid freed African slaves by judicial decree in England. Johnson had one in his employ as a domestic servant, and Franklin brought two of his slaves with him to England. Johnson, pensioned by the British government and an avowed anti-American, wrote a stininq indictment of the colonitc In ahich Franklin answered with a pamphlet entitled, "'A (ourteous Reply. In his' Lives of the Poets" Johnson wrote of the poet Waller, that he disinherited his eldest son and "sent hem to New Jersey, as wanting common understanding." "Beware of the young doctor and the old barber" Franklin spent most of 1769 encouraging Americans to boycott English goods. A rich Quaker merchant, Samuel Wharton, who had negotiated a treaty with the Indians to open up tracts in the upper Ohio Valley under a company called The Illinois Company was rebuffed by the English crown. Now Franklin settled down to a waiting game. "The favour of the great is no Inheritance" March 1770: Redcoats, badgered by Boston workmen, fired into them, killing four men. American history had a new chapter entitled the Boston Massacre, Parliament had repealed the Townsend Acts except the one on tea. New York merchants buckled under and ended that colony's boycott on imported English goods. January, 1771: Franklin went to Lord Hillsborough's house to present his colonial delegate credentials. There he encountered the boorish English stunt of using wives or servants to run interference for the effeminate aristocrats. After HiJlsborough's porter turned him away, Franklin was summoned back and entered into an acrimonious discussion with His Lordship, who ill-manneredly refused to accept or acknowledge his diplomatic credentials. In 1772 Franklin met Lord Hillsborough in Ireland, where he had originally obtained his title from the Irish peerage. He was at first very civil at his house but later told the servants to order Ben away. This ended the relationship with Franklin. l-t'e was invited to the Irish parliament and was treated with great civility. Writingto Joshua Babcockabout his tour through Ireland and Scotland he wrote, "In those countries a small part of society are landlords, great noblemen, and gentlemen, extremely opulent, living in highest affluence and magnificence; the bulk of the people, tenants, living in the most sordid wretchedness, in dirty hovels of mud and straw and clothed only in rags. "Contrast this with New England where every man is a freeholder, has a vote in public affairs, lives in a tidy warm house, has plenty of food and fuel, with whole clothes from head to foot." For Franklin the poverty and misery of the Irish and Scottish people were an example of what might come to America if the old colonial system of exploitation were kept up. America and Ireland had a common cause against England. James Somerset, a Jamaican slave brought to England by his master, sued in court for his freedom. Lord Chief Justice Mansfield ruled: "The air of England has long been too pure for a slave." 1856, United States Supreme Court: An American slave, Dred Scott, suing for freedom on a plea that his master had taken him into a territory where slavery was forbidden by the Missouri compromise; Chief Justice Roger B. Taney dismissed Scott's lawyers' claim in a majority opinion: "A negro slave he said, was not a citizen of the United States, and therefore he had no right to sue in a federal court" and further, slaves being private property, congress had no right to exclude them anywhere. The air of the United Stated, Taney reasoned, was not pure enough for an American slave. In August the privy council approved the Illinois company grant to the Upper Ohio Valley. HJllsborough resigned, cursing Franklin. Lord Darthmouth succeeded the Irish peer. France appointed him to the Royal Academy of Sciences. Ben set out to clump Massachusetts Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson. By "the case of the purloined letters" which made one American historian to write, "Franklin's character was one the most elusive produced by eighteen century America." "Doing an injury puts you below your enemy; revenging one makes but even with him; forgiving it sets you above him" In 1773 the Shipley girls obtained for Franklin a grey squirrel from Philadelphia and they named him Skrugg. He was killed by a dog. The girls buried him in their garden and asked Franklin to write an epitaph "Here Skrugg lies snug as a bug in a rug. His favorite meeting places were the Dog Tavern. "Ti,e George and Vulture and The Honest Whigs. There he told the guests his criticism of the English alphabet. C,J,Q,W.X.Y were unnecessary. They should be replaced by A, as in ball, O as in folly, TH as in think, TH as in thy, S as in ship, NG as in repeating, U in unto, etc. Let speech prevail, since it was the true source and guide of language, and let writing adapt itself to speech. Lord North and his lady, staying at a country estate, snubbed Franklin on a long weekend. "Though many can forgive injuries, none ever forgive contempt." Ponchatoula Video Club 630 E. Pine St. NOW Renting to Non-Members $2and $3 Rentals 2 nights For Members Only Pick up your Free rental card Thurs & Fri Open Friday 1 0 a.m.- 9 p.m. 386-6858 Simpson, M.D. J'l00 Associates 101 Professional Plaza Hammond, Louisiana is now offering a series of four c/asses entitled Including: in trocluct on to Prepared Childbirth Relaxation Techniques tice Postpartal and Newborn Care Bteastfeedmg . - Jf,\\;-'-- ,, For More Information call . . Old // _ . 542-1880 MacDonalds -'- jii  "/e .. 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